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How many people return to work after acquired brain injury? A systematic review

Van Velzen, J. M., Van Bennekom, C. A. M., Edelaar, M. J. A., Sluiter, J. K., Frings-Dresen, M. H. W.,

Academic Literature


The main objective of the study was to investigate how many people return to work (RTW) after acquiring brain injury (ABI) due to traumatic or non-traumatic causes. Secondary objectives were to examine the differences in outcome between traumatic and non-traumatic causes, the development of RTW over time and whether or not people return to their former job. A systematic literature search (1992–2008) was performed using terms of ABI and RTW. Within 2 years post-injury, 39.3% of the subjects with non-traumatic ABI returned to work. Among people with traumatic ABI, 40.7% returned to work after 1 year and 40.8% after 2 years. No effect of cause or time since injury was found. Some people with traumatic ABI who returned to work were not able to sustain their job over time. Changes of occupation and job demands are common among people with ABI.

Publication information

Journal/Publication : Brain Injury

Location : International

Domain/s: Economic participation, Health and wellbeing

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