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Development of the Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) for children's play and leisure activities

Bourke-Taylor, H., Law, M., Howie, L., Pallant, J. F.,

Academic Literature


This paper describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Assistance to Participate Scale (APS). The APS measures the assistance that a school-aged child with a disability requires to participate in play and leisure activities from the primary carer's perspective.

The findings suggest that APS was able to discriminate between groups of children based on type of schooling (regular or segregated), need for equipment/assistive devices, frequency of lifting and disability.Hence, The APS provides professionals with a brief psychometrically sound tool that measures the amount of caregiver assistance provided to a child with a disability to participate in play and recreation. The APS may be used as an outcome measure and to evaluate and predict the amount and type of additional assistance families need to facilitate their child's participation in an important aspect of the child's daily life and development: play and recreation.

Publication information

Journal/Publication : Child: Care, Health & Development

Location : International

Domain/s: Community and civic participation

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