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Dynamic properties of income support receipt in Australia

Tseng, Y. P., Vu, H., Wilkins, R.,

Academic Literature


This paper examines key properties of income support receipt and the personal characteristics associated with alternative patterns of receipt. We draw on three concepts: churning—the process of ending a spell on income support and subsequently commencing a new spell; transferring— moving from one payment type to another within a spell on income support; and Total Time On payments (TTO)—the proportion of time on income support in a given period. We find that churning and transferring are significant features of income support receipt in Australia. For example, over half of recipients churn within five years of commencing an income support spell, and one-fifth make a payment transfer within the same time frame. Examination of the characteristics associated with each of five distinct patterns of receipt reveals substantial differences in patterns by age, family composition, unemployment status, health status, and recent history of income support receipt.

Publication information

Journal/Publication : Australian Economic Review

Location : Australasia

Domain/s: Economic participation

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